Over at The Health Care Blog, one of the most thoughtful and rigorous health care blogs out there, Northwestern business school professor David Dranove has posted an intriguing piece entitled “The Accidental Socialists.” He writes:
Over the next few years, the U.S. healthcare system will be in the hands of academics from Cambridge, Massachusetts. New CMS Czar Donald Berwick was a member of the Harvard Medical School faculty. Joe Newhouse, who has been the senior adviser to Medicare for as long as I can remember, holds appointments in three different schools at Harvard. David Cutler, Dean of Harvard’s Undergraduate College, seems a good bet to lead the Independent Medicare Advisory Board. Countless of their colleagues and former students have taken key policy making positions in Washington.Dranove is right to point out that most left-leaning academic health policy types don’t see themselves as ideologues, but rather as technocrats. But, perhaps out of professional courtesy, he is generous when he includes Donald Berwick in this group: a guy who speaks ominously of the “darkness of private enterprise.” Whether or not you share Berwick’s “romance” with the British NHS, the most socialized system in the developed world, Berwick’s view of socialism isn’t accidental. Indeed, Berwick is a smart guy, and we should give him the credit of being well aware of what he thinks and what he says.
I know most of these scholars. They are brilliant as a rule and are acting in the truest sense of public service. None of them are socialists in the usual sense of the word; they do not believe that the government is an efficient provider of most goods and services. I don’t think they want the government to provide health care either. They have never called for government ownership of hospitals or suggested that physicians join the civil service. But whether they realize it or not, they are the vanguard of a movement bringing socialized medicine to America.
Despite this unpersuasive start, Dranove makes some interesting points about the academics who will be charged with putting PPACA into practice:
[Conservative academics] like Stanford’s Alain Enthoven and Wharton’s Mark Pauly favor some sort of voucher or direct subsidy with which individuals can buy their own private insurance. Unfortunately, Wharton is hundreds of miles from Cambridge and Stanford is on the wrong coast. The preferred Cambridge solution is a combination of greatly expanded government insurance and a tightly regulated private insurance market. This is the essence of Obamacare.Dranove hits on the essence of conservative objection to PPACA: that the downstream consequences of the law will be far worse than the law itself. Many on the left guffaw when conservatives fret about “socialized medicine,” but this is precisely this problem that they fret about.
But this solution does not end with a government takeover of health insurance. There isn’t a public or private health insurer anywhere in the world that doesn’t directly intervene in the delivery of medical care. Socialized insurance necessarily leads to socialized medicine, and if the government controls well over half of the insurance sector through Medicare and Medicaid, and tightly regulates the rest, it is only inevitable that it will also seek to control how health care is bought and sold. And I don’t think it will make much difference whether it is Democrats or Republicans in control. The temptation to set the rules for 17 percent of the GDP is too great.
Dranove also points out that academics are routinely overconfident about their ability to solve complex problems with clever-seeming, complex solutions. In 1988, when Harvard professor William Hsiao and colleagues published the “Resource-Based Relative Value Scale” as a way of controlling Medicare’s cost explosion, he was hailed by the health care mandarins of his time as a genius. A generation later, the data shows that his efforts (and his projections) were in vain. Dranove adds:
To take another example, I helped redesign a physician payment scheme in Alberta with the goal of increasing competition. The provincial government adopted part of the scheme and omitted key details. Now I fear that competition is going to be stifled.It’s comforting, I guess, to blame politicians for messing up the brilliant ideas of academics. After all, politicians do often make a mess of things. But the much more serious problem arises when the ideas put forth by the academics themselves are flawed.
The Obama administration has hired an army of academics to implement the new reforms. They bring with them the finest Cambridge pedigrees and promising ideas. They will write the first draft of the rules and academics everywhere will nod in approval at the cleverness of our colleagues. (Some of us may even enjoy seeing our own pet ideas turn into policy.) But in the fullness of time, the rules and regulations that will govern our health care system will bear the imprint of politicians more than academics. It is the nature of the beast.
My Cambridge colleagues do not favor socialized medicine. But I fear that the regulatory behemoth they have been entrusted to manage is too big for them, despite their talents. Ten years from now, we will look back at these days as the beginning of the end of market-based medicine in America. And my colleagues will only be able to look back, shake their heads, and say “it wasn’t supposed to turn out this way.”The only thing is, when it comes to American health care policy, Dranove’s colleagues (and their predecessors) have been shaking their heads and saying this for fifty years. They remain ever-assured that, this time, they have it all figured out.